Depression: Causes, Symptoms, Types & Treatment Q&A
Depression is a prevalent mental health condition that is defined as a depressed mood and a lack of interest in activities. An imbalance in your brain’s chemical composition is the fundamental cause of depression. Visit us at Advanced Psych Care if you’re depressed. Do not hesitate. Early intervention can stop symptoms from getting worse. Our experienced psychiatric nurse practitioner, Norrine McNelley, PMHNP-BC, will provide you with the appropriate treatment. For more information, contact us or schedule an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 202 Main Street Suite 102 Salem, NH 03079.
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Depression is a complex condition with no singular cause. It can arise due to a multitude of factors and diverse triggers.
In certain cases, distressing or demanding life events, such as the loss of a loved one, marital separation, illness, unemployment, or financial concerns, can act as potential causes.
Depression can emerge from a combination of different catalysts. For instance, feeling emotionally low after an illness and subsequently experiencing a traumatic event like bereavement can contribute to the onset of depression.
The concept of a downward spiral is often used to describe how various life events can exacerbate depression. For example, the breakdown of a relationship may lead to feelings of sadness, social withdrawal, and increased alcohol consumption, all of which can worsen the condition and trigger depression.
Research has indicated that the risk of depression may increase with age, and it tends to be more prevalent among individuals facing challenging social and economic circumstances. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that genetic factors inherited from parents could play a role in determining one’s susceptibility to severe depression.
Depression encompasses various forms, each with distinct origins. Some types are triggered by life events, while others result from chemical imbalances in the brain.
One prevalent form is Major Depression, also referred to as “major depressive disorder,” characterized by persistent feelings of depression on most days of the week.
Another type is Persistent Depressive Disorder, which endures for two years or more, leading to prolonged depressive symptoms.
Seasonal Affective Disorder manifests as episodes of major depression, usually occurring during the winter months when sunlight diminishes. It tends to resolve during the spring and summer.
Bipolar Disorder, also known as “manic depression,” exhibits mood swings from heightened energy and euphoria (manic episodes) to low periods of depression.
These are just a few examples of the diverse types of depression, each with its distinct features and contributing factors.
Depression can manifest gradually, and individuals experiencing it may not immediately recognize or admit their altered feelings and behaviors.
In many cases, it is the partner, family member, or caregiver who becomes aware of the need for assistance. They can play a crucial role in supporting their loved one by encouraging them to seek help from a mental health professional and expressing genuine care and willingness to listen.
A non-judgmental approach is vital when helping a depressed person. Accepting them as they are, without criticism or condemnation, creates a safe environment for them to share their emotions and thoughts.
Gentle encouragement can motivate the individual to engage in self-help strategies, such as maintaining physical activity, adopting a balanced diet, and participating in activities they find enjoyable. These positive lifestyle choices can have a significant impact on their well-being.
Professional help is often the most effective way for a depressed person to receive support. The management of depression typically involves a combination of therapy and medication. Therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, can help the person explore and address underlying issues, thought patterns, and coping strategies.
Meanwhile, medication, prescribed by a qualified healthcare provider, may be used to alleviate symptoms, and restore chemical imbalances in the brain.
Depression constitutes a prevalent mental illness, affecting a significant portion of the global population, with approximately 5% of adults estimated to be affected. Its hallmark features include persistent feelings of sadness, diminished interest or pleasure in previously enjoyable activities, disruptions in sleep and appetite, as well as fatigue and impaired concentration.
As a leading cause of disability worldwide, depression significantly contributes to the burden of disease. Its impact can be enduring or recurrent, profoundly hindering an individual’s ability to function and enjoy a fulfilling life. While occasional feelings of sadness are common, the persistence of depression indicates the presence of a mental disorder.
Get the treatment you need for depression today and meet our team of leading healthcare professionals who care deeply about your health and well-being. Book your next appointment now! Depression treatment is available at Advanced Psych Care. For more information, call us or book an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 202 Main St, Suite 102, Salem, NH 03079. We serve patients from Salem NH, Windham NH, Atkinson NH, Plaistow NH, Pelham NH, Hampstead NH, and surrounding areas. You can also visit us online for directions to our clinic.